మాదకద్రవ్య వ్యసనాన్ని అర్థం చేసుకోవడం – సిక్కిం వార్తలు

మాదకద్రవ్య వ్యసనాన్ని అర్థం చేసుకోవడం – సిక్కిం వార్తలు

Translating…

Understanding Drug Addiction

Understanding Drug Addiction

Pakyong, 22 Feb : Sikkim is our small yet beautiful, cleanest state famous for the scenic beauty and warm hospitable people, yet on the other extreme, it is tormented by the problem of drug abuse, what we call the “small” state actually holds a very high average of drug abuse, and consumption of alcohol in both urban and rural areas, nationwide. Now, we know there are going to be repercussions physically, mentally and emotionally, it is not a new subject matter, all of us know someone or the other in our family or outside who is an alcoholic or a drug abuser, it is so common that we take it like more of a ‘casual’ thing. Drug dealing also happens repeatedly, recently there was an incident where a young man   aged about 35 years from Joerthang was caught at Melli Checkpost where contraband substances were recovered from vehicle , haul included 220 bottles of cough syrup, 1772 SP tablets and also a sum of 62100 Rs, and in another similar incident also registered  by NDPS a total of 606 pouches of Heroine (Brown Sugar) amounting to 336.06 grams was also seized in Melli. Per pouch weighs about 0.5 gm whose market value is estimated to be of Rs 600 to 800 per pouch. In this case two persons were nabbed whereas driver managed to flee towards WB side.

The most popular drugs of choice have been Spasmo Proxyvon (SP) and similar combinations; another popularly abused medication is Nitrosun-10, commonly known as N10, and also lot of cough syrup is said to be consumed, there were many different measures taken to curb this problem like enactment of Sikkim Anti Drug Act this legalization affixed a list of substances and combination whose usage and sale was banned and it would constitute as a criminal offence, and strict punishments were observed with heavy fines levied on its usage or sale, since it is banned in our state and none of the medicine shops or pharmacy sold them and since the drug abusers and peddlers couldn’t go without selling/consuming them, and hey! If there is a will there is a way, their only way to smuggle it from was from Siliguri or West Bengal that too from forest routes.

The difference between Addiction and Abuse

Drug abuse is when one uses legal or illegal substances in ways one shouldn’t, one might take more than the regular dose of pills. One will abuse drugs to feel good, ease stress, or avoid reality, but in this case the drug abuser can change unhealthy habits or stop using altogether.

Addiction is when you can’t stop. Not when it puts your health in danger. Not when it causes financial, emotional, and other problems for you or your loved ones. That urge to get and use drugs can fill up every minute of the day, even if you want to quit.

Measures which can be taken to curb this racket of drug abusing, addiction and drug peddling-

Today, our state is still facing the never ending problem of drug abuse and it needs to be solved at the earliest, along with this there are other problems too like that of HIV/AIDS and suicide rates that have only been up surging.

We should know that extracting someone from their normal habitat and displacing them into a totally new “Detox” “Serene” environment might sounds like a great way to help abusers overcome a major problem like addiction.  It all sounds great, but what happens when the addict goes home? They go back to their usual environment, and there they come across all their triggers, friends, drug dealer and problems.

That’s where rehabilitation goes wrong; it works very differently for different people but for most as soon as they come out the intense therapy located in a calm place stops, and cravings begin the aim of intervention areas and rehab are for an addict to be abstinent of all substances. So when someone finishes the stipulated course and comes out, their tolerance to the drug has gone back to almost the same as it was before they took drugs. Once the cravings finally overwhelm people just out of rehab, many take the same dose they would have before they went in which increased the rate of overdose and death.

Drug abuse prevention starts at home as a parent, one has a major impact on your child’s decision not to use tobacco, alcohol, and drugs. Prevention starts when a parent starts talking with, and listening to, the child, help the child make good choices and good friends, teaching the child different ways to say “No!”

Mass media campaign could target changing norms regarding drug use by demonstrating negative consequences for use, positive consequences for non use, changing opinions about the prevalence of use or the types of people who use, and increasing skills for resisting drugs.

Behavior modification strategies could be adopted to focus directly on changing behaviors.

Family training, counseling, and case management could be to taught parents skills for monitoring or supervising their children, increasing emotional attachments, helping their children succeed in school, or otherwise assisting their children in the development of skills and competencies that will be needed to avoid substance use.

Other counseling, social work, psychological, and therapeutic strategies, could be adopted prevention and cognitive-behavioral approaches often involve counseling specifically targeted at certain behaviors. Mentoring, tutoring, and work study strategies, which offers aim to increase the stakes in conformity and reduce individuals’ predispositions to use drugs.

Recreational community service enrichment and leisure activities could provide constructive and fun alternatives to drug use. Drug abuse policies could be made which address issues such as drugged driving, prescription drug abuse, prevention methods and how drugs affect specific populations, which helps prevent drug abuse and educate the public about the dangers of drug use and sales.

Strict Laws Regulating drug abuse could be introduced the  government could  focus more on drug rehabilitation treatment rather than criminal penalties for drug possession, the public seems to be more accepting of the progressive concept that addiction is a disease that must be treated and managed rather than a matter of willpower or moral corruption.  It is also very important to educate the parents youths about dangers of drugs.

Prevention of drug addiction has been shown to be one of the most cost-effective ways of promoting healthy communities. Teens who abstain from drugs perform better in school, while prevention programs have ensured fewer drugged drivers and more productive workplaces. Prevention also helps to lower HIV transmission rates and to create safer neighborhoods.

The government could make a budget for education and outreach programs to stop drug use before it starts focusing more on prevention at the youth level to prevent drug abuse as early as possible.

Understanding that students can be more prone to addiction could be due to low self-esteem, Peer pressure or depression.

Drug abuse tends to occur frequently at schools and colleges. An organization or a board could be formed that supports college and school drug prevention policies, interventions, and treatment and recovery plans that can deal with the effects of drugged driving, underage drinking and more.

And lastly everybody must understand that no single factor can predict whether a person will become addicted to drugs. A combination of genetic, environmental, and developmental factors influences risk for addiction.

The more risk factors a person has, the greater the chance that taking drugs can lead to addiction…